If you have ever visited the university website of college professor, you have no doubt come across their “CV,” or “Curriculum Vitae.” You may also have come across a few job postings that ask for a cover letter and “CV or Resume.” CVs differ from resumes dramatically. Most likely you will only need to create a resume.
What is a CV?
A Curriculum Vitae is a style of resume that is much longer and more comprehensive. The standard resume tends to have the following sections:
- Work History
Pretty simple. The entire document is expected to fit on one page, no longer than two pages, and you are expected to only provide the information that is relevant to the position.
CVs are far longer, and contain considerably more information. Examples of CV sections include:
- Research Experience
- Additional Academia Information
CVs are filled with academic information, containing published research papers, current research projects, past research projects and more.
What is the Purpose of the CV?
CVs are used almost exclusively for jobs that require research, such as jobs working with universities, pharmaceutical labs, etc. In addition, they are far more commonly used by those with at minimum a Master’s Degree, though this is not necessarily a rule. Though some employers request a CV, corporate jobs rarely require a document with that much information.
In some countries, CVs are required for all types of jobs. Even management and sales have their own CV. You should check out CV Examples to see how these documents should be formed. In the United States, CVs are much less common.
CVs should only be used when you are applying for positions that involve research, teaching or other academics. They should also only be used when you have information to place in the CV. Without a published paper or research experience, a CV is pointless and will only appear empty. If you would like to list a single paper you helped publish, you can always add it into your standard resume.
Take Away Tips
- Use a CV when you apply to academic jobs.
- For all other jobs, use a resume.